Also known as Briny water, Brackish Water has more salinity as compared to fresh water and the famous brackish water bodies are lakes. Some of the remarkable brackish water bodies in India are Kutch Salt Marsh, Chilika Lake Odisha, Kerala Backwaters and Pulicat Lake in Andhra Pradesh. These brackish water bodies are the home of diversity of flora and fauna and several endangered species of animals and migratory birds.
It is the largest coastal brackish water body in India. Chilika Lake is a lagoon located in Odisha. It houses a lot of endangered flora and fauna species. It is the second largest brackish water body in the world and largest breeding ground for several migratory birds. It has unique freshwater, brackish and marine species. It spreads over Khurda, Puri, and Ganjam districts on the eastern part of India and flows to the Bay of Bengal and covers the total area of up to 1100 sq. km. It is second largest lagoon followed by the New Caledonian Barrier Reef.
After Chilika Lake, it is the second largest brackish lagoon or lake in India. Pulicat Lake is located at the Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh border and houses Pulicat Lake Bird Sanctuary. It has diversity of flora and fauna species and is fed by several major rivers. Only 3% of this lagoon is located in Tamilnadu and up to 96% of it is covered in Andhra Pradesh on the Coromandal Coast. The lake is separated by the Barrier Island of Sriharikota from the Bay of Bengal.
It is the unique chain of lakes, canals and brackish lagoons lying opposite Arabian Sea coast (Malabar Coast). It has both natural and manmade canals and lakes. The network of backwaters is interconnected with rivers, canals and lakes, forming National Waterway 3. There are 5 large lakes in the network fed by 38 rivers and it extends around half the length of state. There are several cities and towns in the midst of landscape and it acts as end and starting points of cruises.
It is located at the altitude of over 4250m at the barren landscapes of Ladakh. It is an endorheic lake extends 134 km from India to China in the Himalayas. It is among the largest brackish lakes in Asia. It is one of the most anticipated places for domestic tourists as it remains frozen in winter months. Around 60% of the lake is covered by China.
The Kutch Salt Marsh or the Great Rann of Kutch is located in Thar Desert of Gujarat. This seasoned salt marsh is world’s largest salt desert. It has a lot of wildlife sanctuaries and houses largest flocks of lesser and greater flamingos, Indian bustard, Indian wild ass, and Nararyan Sarovar Sanctuary.
The brackish lagoon of Kaliveli Lake is formed on the Coromandel Coast of Tamil Nadu near the Bay of Bengal. It is a seasonal wetland with brackish to freshwater and it houses several migratory birds. It is among the largest wetlands in the country and a leadinf tourist destination in Viluppuram of Tamil Nadu.
Sambhar Salt Lake is the largest inland salt lake in India. This bowl-shaped lake is located along NH8 in Rajasthan. It covers the Sambhar Lake Town and is positioned 96 km southwest of Jaipur and around 64 km northeast of Ajmer. It is an extensive saline wetland which houses thousands of migratory birds and flamingos. It is one of the 15 untold wonders of India.